The Town of Hilton Head Island's land acquisition program began in earnest in 1991 and was modeled from a program created in Nantucket, Massachusetts. The Town's goal was to manage and control growth on the island. Rather than take land, council sought to purchase land at fair market value. Land acquisition became a smart growth tool. The program has enhanced property values; reduced potential development, particularly along U.S. 278; reduced potential traffic; kept the island green; preserved historic sites; and created opportunities for park and recreation development.
As a result of the Town's long-standing land acquisition program, the Town has: